Blog

Great anticipation of the testing of Coastal Contingency Info

The Norwegian Coastal Administration (NCA) has developed new, digital map solutions to ensure more efficient oil protection actions, “Kystinfo Beredskap” (Coastal Contingency Info). During the SCOPE 2017 exercise, the developers and users were able to explore whether the tool meets the requirements when it really matters.

The time from the discovery of an oil spill until the actual oil protection action at sea and on land has commenced determines the degree of damage to the environment. Previously, a message concerning an oil spillage led to experts having to travel into the field with pen and paper and then process the data using an advanced mapping solution when they returned. At best the action team leaders would receive the information they needed on the same evening, allowing them to prioritise the action areas.

Coastal Contingency Info allows field registration via a mobile unit with an advanced map solution that the action team leaders are able to access immediately. An equivalent solution has also been developed for the public, providing easily accessible information from the NCA’s emergency web in an incident.

The Geodata Service and the Preparedness Centre at the NCA have collaborated with NOFO (The Norwegian Clean Seas Association for Operating Companies) and Avinet to create a new digital tool providing valuable time savings during an oil protection action

See what the map looked like during the SCOPE 2017 exercise: https://beredskap.kystverket.no/scope

Ongoing information from the field

The use of Coastal Contingency Info during the SCOPE 2017 exercise enabled both the action team leaders and those following using Kystverket.no’s emergency web to follow the incidents and receive ongoing information from the field.

“The latest development of the mapping solution concentrates on putting together data from many sources in the map in close to real time: satellite pictures, data gathered by LN-KYV and others. These are put together like pieces in a puzzle in Coastal Contingency Info,” says senior adviser Silje Berger from NCA.

She explains that environmental data and preparedness data, such as a summary of vessel availability and depots, also form part of this puzzle. Being able to view data from many sources in the same map provides a better understanding of the situation than seeing each piece of information separately.

Better overall understanding

“During the SCOPE 2017 exercise there was much emphasis on trajectory calculations that can now be shown in the same map. This provides opportunities for forward thinking and being in advance of the situation as it develops. In other words: the aim is a better overall understanding for the action team leaders and everyone we cooperate with, which in turn can mean better decisions,” says Berger.

See more pictures at our Flickr-album.

Helps to limit damage to the environment

Rune Bergstrøm, the action team leader during the exercise, explains that as an action team leader it is very important to have as up-to-date information as possible of the situation in the field. Where is the oil, in what direction is it drifting, what vulnerable areas are affected and which ones can be hit in a short time? Where are the preparedness resources, do we need to move them quickly, or get hold of more resources to take action with?

“An updated summary in a map, including input from the inter-municipal committees for acute pollution, response leader sea and our own function managers, provides the best basis to take the right decisions at the right time. In this way we can prevent and limit the damage to the environment. During the SCOPE 2017 exercise, my experience was that this solution goes a long way towards meeting these requirements,” says Bergstrøm.

Worked under pressure

The manager of the planning and environment section at NCA, Even Widerøe Kristoffersen, can now relax, since in his view Coastal Contingency Info passed the acid test.“

We experienced that in a pressure situation the solution was not a burden but a simplification of the work for our people in the field and this in turn made it less demanding to get a correct picture of the situation at the place of the incident,” says Widerøe Kristoffersen.

See more details about Coastal Contingency Info here: https://beredskap.kystverket.no

See what the map looked like during the SCOPE 2017 exercise: https://beredskap.kystverket.no/scope ..

Many technical environments at the NCA have contributed to the development of the system:

The Preparedness Centre: the Preparedness Centre, based in Horten, works mainly with environmental, operational and material questions connected to national preparedness against acute pollution. The centre handles the NCA’s first-line emergency preparedness against acute pollution, including supervision and follow-up of pollution incidents.

The Geodata Service: the technical, coordinating responsibility for GIS and geodata within NCA has been delegated to the Geodata Service at the Centre for Transport Planning, Plan and Investigation (TPU), which is a part of NCA South-East, Arendal. The Geodata Service is responsible for the development and operation of the NCA’s common geodata infrastructure (databases, map servers, client solutions, map catalogue and downloading solutions) and follow-up of standardising work, as well as being the contact point for Norway’s digital cooperation and the secretariat for the NCA’s geodata committee.

More than an oil spill clean up exercise

To ensure adequate oil spill preparedness, practice is also needed on the “invisible” parts of an oil spill response operation. Following the major exercise SCOPE 2017, the Norwegian Coastal Administration therefore arranged two exercises focusing on places of refuge for ships and claims management.

There was a great deal of interest in the Coastal Administration’s two tabletop exercises on the less visible parts of the oil spill preparedness. (Photo: the Norwegian Coastal Administration)

A ship collision causing significant pollution will initiate a number of processes and operations from governmental, municipal and private parties. Various factors can greatly affect the outcome both before, during and after the accident itself. Therefore, based on the scenario used in SCOPE 2017, two tabletop exercises were conducted in cooperation with the European Commission and EMSA (European Maritime Safety Agency).

Use of emergency ports (places of refuge for ships)

One exercise posed challenges related to the use of places of refuge for ships. This was the third exercise in an EU context, based on the use of guidelines on how authorities, the EU and other parties involved should cooperate in dealing with ship incidents where places of refuge for ships are needed. The guidelines contain practical descriptions on how to handle such incidents best, even if they occur on the open sea.

To make the exercise as realistic as possible, representatives from marine insurance, class societies and salvage companies participated in the exercise. In playing their respective roles, they contributed to the efficient and smooth handling of the incident. In addition to representatives from the maritime industry, country representatives from all over the EU participated in the exercise, as well as delegates from the EU Commission and EMSA.

Responsibilities, collateral and claims management

The theme of the second exercise focussed on the need to clarify who is responsible for the accident and to ensure that the authorities could claim back their operational expenses. The tabletop exercise was organized in cooperation with members of an EMSA working group.

In total, there were 44 representatives from various authorities responsible for the prevention of  acute pollution at sea in Europe, as well as representatives of EMSA, the oil disaster fund IOPC Funds and The International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation (ITOPF).

During both exercises, the working groups identified lessons learned and areas of improvements, which will be addressed going forward. The Coastal Administration will work on and coordinate the matters, both nationally and internationally.

Facts

Places of refuge for ships. A port used when the weather is too dangerous for vessels, cargo and crew, when illness makes it necessary to bring people to shore, when supplies are exhausted, or when damage cannot be repaired on board.

Government action and claims managament: The Norwegian Coastal Administration may, if necessary, take measures on behalf of the responsible polluter, and demand reimbursement for the costs incurred during an operation. “The polluter pays” is an internationally recognized principle.

Norway carries out major spill response exercise

SCOPE (Skagerak Chemical Oilspill Pollution Exercise) 2017 is a joint project of the Nordic countries, co-funded by the European Union, and is organised by the Norwegian Coastal Administration (NCA).

The exercise was conducted over three days and involved 600 people and 30 vessels. The exercise scenario involved a simulated collision between a chemical tanker and an oil tanker, which resulted in oil and ammonia gas leakage in an environmentally sensitive area in Norway’s Telemark county.

SCOPE 2017 comprised a full-scale ground deployment and incident management exercise. The NCA mobilized government, municipal and private resources, and requested international assistance to deal with the pollution incident.

Johan Marius Ly KV Bergen
Johan Marius Ly, NCA’s Director of Emergency Response.

Johan Marius Ly, NCA’s Director of Emergency Response, said, “Good coordination across neighboring countries and various organizations is essential to respond swiftly and capably to major spill incidents.  Indeed, multi stakeholder efforts to conduct joint spill exercises like SCOPE 2017 will help to improve our spill response strategies.”

“I am pleased to say the SCOPE 2017 exercise went as planned and demonstrated our collective readiness and capabilities in the event of such an occurrence. I wish to thank all stakeholders – government agencies, the EU, ship operators and public and private sector resource units – for making this exercise possible. It demonstrates that we, together, have well coordinated and competent response teams on all levels.”

“The SCOPE 2017 exercise is a good opportunity for us to hone our response strategies and share best practices,” added NCA’s Stig Walhstrøm, project manager for the exercise. “It enabled us to test ourselves and there’s been a high level of learning and competence sharing throughout the planning phase and actual exercise.”

1I6A0547.JPG
Stig Wahlstrøm, project manager.

Walhstrøm also pointed out that one of the key goals of the project is to forge critical national and international cooperation. “All participating nations and organisations have taken the opportunity to train in leadership and collaboration, and it’s pleasing to see their strong interest and engagement throughout the exercise, which was carried out with no accidents.”

The SCOPE 2017 project is now entering the evaluation phase and is expected to continue until the end of 2018.

“We have established an evaluation team and they have been tasked to identify lessons learned and areas of improvements. All participants are encouraged to provide feedback so that the we, collectively, are able to further improve our strategies and practices to raise the overall level of safety in our waters,” concludes Walhstrøm.

Click on this link for pictures from the exercise, or take a look below:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Denmark won the championship

As usual, the championship between the countries of the Copenhagen Agreement were conducted after our major exercise.

This event is an informal championship that contributes to strengthen the relationships between the countries in the Copenhagen Agreement.

See the pictures that show a clear victory to Denmark – who brought home the very special prize! Sweden came in a honourable second place, while Norway took third place on the podium with a good mood.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Special thanks to Kjersti Dale who organized the entire championship!

1I6A0736.JPG

 

EXERCISE NEWS

EXERCISE EXERCISE EXERCISE The collision between an oil tanker and a chemical tanker outside Langesund, causes great fear for lasting damage to the environment amongst locals. 

These are several fictional news items, made for use under the oil and chemical protection exercise SCOPE 2017;

News no. 1
News no. 2
News no. 3

All events are designed, and the interviewees correspond with background in events that occur during the exercise. Not to be used without approval from the Norwegian Coastal Administration.

Norway’s Crown Prince to witness major spill response exercise

On Tuesday 26 September a major oil and chemical protection exercise called SCOPE 2017 will be carried out in Langesund, Norway. H.R.H. Crown Prince Haakon will join the Coastal Administration, both on sea and shore, to witness the spill response first hand. The exercise is a joint project including major Scandinavian and European stakeholders, and will demonstrate how the Coastal Administration engages with them in the event of acute pollution.

Coastal Director Kirsti L. Slotsvik and Contingency Director Johan Marius Ly look forward to showing H.R.H. Crown Prince Haakon how the Coastal Administration trains and handles oil and chemical pollution protection along the Norwegian coast – this time in connection with SCOPE 2017, which is supported by EU.

This exercise, organised by the Coastal Administration, will be conducted 25–27 September, and involve around 500 participants from the Nordic countries. Also, the worst-case scenario will involve vessels, personnel and equipment from many parts of Europe. Representatives from over 70 countries have been invited to observe the exercise.

Response exercise on all levels

The SCOPE 2017 exercise will involve local contingency forces and personnel who were active during the Full City accident that occurred in the same area in July 2009. Telemark’s Intermunicipal Emergency Response Organisation (IUA) will have a deputy function on shore, while Vestfold’s IUA will also participate in the exercise.

On 26 September, H.R.H. Crown Prince Haakon will observe the Norwegian contingency forces  and witness how they respond and cooperate on all levels, including coordination between  the Coastal Administration’s operational management and the national, regional and  municipal participants.

“I greatly appreciate that the Crown Prince accepted my invitation, and thus will experience the important work being done to strengthen the emergency response to acute pollution along our entire coast,” says Coastal Director Kirsti L. Slotsvik.

Minister of Transport to attend SCOPE 2017

The Crown Prince will be guided by the Coastal Administration and the Norwegian Minister of Transport, Ketil Solvik-Olsen.

The simulated exercise will commence at sea, where a major chemical tanker will collide with a product tanker. This will lead to chemical and oil spill pollution on a scale much greater than Norway has previously dealt with. As a consequence, there will be a need for assistance from Norway’s neighbouring countries, with whom they have cooperation agreements.

International cooperation requires practice

“With increased shipping traffic, the risk of accidents also increases, so we need to practice different scenarios. The international dimension of the exercise is also very important. Both during the Full City grounding in 2009 and the Godafoss accident in 2011, we needed assistance from Sweden. Norway and the other countries participating in this exercise will all be dependent on good cooperation across borders, should such an accident occur in our common waters,” emphasises Contingency Director Johan Marius Ly.

Increasing ship traffic

Over the past year, 359 vessels over 50 metres in length passed the strait between Stathelle and Sandøya and, during 2016, 4,524 ships passed through the waters. From January to June of this year, 2,408 vessels passed, according to the Coastal Administration’s analysis unit in Vardø. Based on this development, Contingency Director Ly believes the exercise location off Langesund is relevant and important.

“It will be a full-scale exercise and will take place both in daylight and during night time, and will therefore be very realistic for all involved,” he says.

Program for the day

The Crown Prince will arrive at Langesund on the morning of 26 September, and will then go directly to the Coast Guard’s vessel KV Bergen.

When at sea, he will observe specially trained firefighters from Oslo and Bergen who will be deployed to the Swedish chemical safety vessel KBV 003 by helicopter or vessel. From there, they will go onboard a smaller boat and enter the chemical tanker to seal leakages, allow for towing the vessel to shore, and prevent oil spill at sea and along the coast. This will continue throughout the day.

At 0740, the press will go onboard the Coastal Administration’s vessel at Dampskipskaia/Langesund pilot station, and will experience the same exercise as witnessed by the Crown Prince.  The plan is to arrive back at the dock of the pilot station at about 1130. From here it is a short distance (about 300m) to Smietangen where a press briefing will take place  1200.

At 1200, the Crown Prince and his attendants will arrive at Smietangen quay, where boats are equipped with various types of oil spill containment equipment.  Contingency Director Ly will hold a presentation for those attending.

Questions from the press can be directed to Contingency Director Johan Marius Ly, Coastal Director Kirsti L. Slotsvik and Minister of Transport and Communications Ketil Solvik-Olsen

At about 1230 we will move on to Krogshavn recreational area, where the Coastal Administration’s Environment Advisor Hilde Dolva and IUA Telemark’s Jan O. Kristoffersen will share experiences in connection with the Full City accident, and demonstrate the current means  to break up and collect spills.

The arrangement at Krogshavn will end at about 1300.

  • Updated images will be made available to the media here
  • Theme pages about the SCOPE 2017 exercise here

For safety reasons, the Coastal Administration requires the names of the journalists who wish to attend by latest 11:00 on 20 September. There is limited space so if the interest is greater than that we have capacity for, we will need to prioritize. Those who are unable to join the exercise will be informed by 22 September.

Registration queries should be addressed to the Coastal Administration, attention: marianne.henriksen@kystverket.no.

Photo: Jørgen Gomnæs / Det kongelige hoff.
Photo of vessels: Espen Reite
Collage: Marianne Henriksen

SCOPE 2017: Mobilisation of international assistance

The scenario for the SCOPE 2017 exercise later this month includes a very large oil spill and release of hazardous noxious substances. A key aim of the exercise is to strengthen collaboration between the signatories to international agreements through the implementation of the notification measures.

“This incident is the background for international notification according to the Copenhagen Agreement and the Bonn Agreement that was initiated this week. Also, it was necessary for the extensive mobilisation of national and international oil spill response resources and expertise, including the activation of EU experts,” said Ole Kristian Bjerkemo, the task manager for this part of the exercise

Explaining the procedure, Bjerkemo said the duty team at the Norwegian Coastal Administration initiated the international notification early Monday morning on the 4th of September.

“A Pollution Warning (POLWARN) was sent to Vardø Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) for uploading to the SafeSeaNet (SSN) system and submitted to Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland in accordance with the Copenhagen Agreement.”

“Later on Monday, a Pollution Information message was submitted through SSN in accordance with the Copenhagen Agreement and the Bonn Agreement. The POLINF included more information about the incident.”17553205461_e0e2c42706_k

He added, “Wednesday morning, it was decided to send out a request for international assistance, using the EU tool CECIS. All of the signatories to the Copenhagen Agreement and the Bonn Agreement were requested to provide assistance. The request included, among other things, surveillance aircrafts, oil spill response vessels, booms, skimmers and experts.”

Several hours after the request for assistance was submitted, Bjerkemo commented: “At this stage of the exercise we have already identified several aspects that can be improved. This relates to, among other things,internal procedures, weakness in the tools we have to use (SSN and CECIS) and the need for training. Also, this seems to be an issue for most of the countries involved.”

A workshop will be held on the 25th September where all of the involved countries and EU are invited to share experiences from the exercise.

“The workshop will be important to have a more complete picture of the lessons identified during this part of SCOPE 2017 exercise. The plan is to develop a report from the workshop, which also will include proposed follow up actions,” Said Bjerkemo.

The Swedish Coastguard: An important exercise of realistic extent

The Swedish Coastguard looks forward to working with the Norwegian Coastal Administration during the major exercise Scope 2017 in the Skagerrak to explore how emergency response can be improved and collaboration between countries during an action optimised.

“Our aim is to increase our knowledge of what we can do together with Norway in the event of a major oil or chemical spill,” says Jonas Holmstrand, who is a rescue organiser with the Swedish Coast Guard.

A good test

He has only been with the Coast Guard for six months, but he was responsible for all the exercises of one of Sweden’s municipal rescue services for 20 years. He explains that the Swedish Coast Guard has annual exercises in connection with the Copenhagen Agreement and the SweDenGer Agreement between Sweden, Denmark and Germany, as well as its own exercises. There are continuous national exercises.

“I believe the exercise in Langesund will be a good test of how we handle an incident of the type we have planned and we can all achieve a great deal from it. The scope of the exercise is realistic, in terms of the number of countries involved, the personnel and the vessels.

If we in Europe are to prepare ourselves for effective, large-scale initiatives, we must exercise together using a corresponding number of units,” says Holmstrand,

pointing out what would have to be done as a minimum in the event of a real incident of the same extent as the SCOPE 2017 scenario.

Following the sequence of events

His colleague, senior adviser Örjan Martinsson, adds that collaborative exercises are essential, since no country could handle a really major incident alone.

“And a real incident doesn’t keep office hours, it continues round the clock. So we must be able to keep the effort going throughout the sequence of events,” says Martinsson.

The Swedish Coast Guard has now started the countdown to the exercise, in which it will cooperate closely with MIRG (the Maritime Incident Response Group) in Norway and participate with its oil spill response vessel KBV 003.

Aim for the Swedish Coastguard:

  • Contribute to improved national and international coordination of vessel accidents involving hazardous and polluting cargo.
  • Decontamination of Swedish Coastguard 003 (Chemrec vessel) with crew from 003 and personnel from FOI

Swedish participation:

  • KBV 003
  • KBV 032 or 010
  • KBV 307
  • KBV 501 AP
  • Double Crew KBV 003
  • 6 -10 divers (Water-smoke-chem)
  • 2 persons from Swedish Research Institute, FOI

The Danish Defence: High expectations

Torben Iversen at the Danish Defence has high expectations when it comes to the  experiences, changes and improvements resulting from SCOPE 2017.

“Denmark’s goal for SCOPE 2017 has many facets, and we expect returns on many levels.”

” Implementing SCOPE 2017 is a very complex task, both in terms of planning and the scenario itself,” says Iversen, Marine Environment Officer at Naval Staff.

Danmark beskjært fartøy
Two danish vessels will participate at the SCOPE 2017-exercise. Photo: Espen Reite

He adds that planning such complex exercises and operations provides valuable experience, both regarding project management and project work. Special conditions regarding EU funding of the exercise also provide valuable insights for future cooperation with the Union. This applies to activities that greatly benefit all nations in EU cooperation, both member and partner countries.

36 hours of realistic challenges

The Marine Environment Officer expects the participating Danish vessels to harvest experience from extensive maritime operations, with many ships deployed at sea in simultaneous operations to combat both oil and chemical pollution.

“It will be an intensive exercise, when you operate with your own equipment and ships and at the same time work with foreign entities. The exercise on the sea lasts for 36 hours, which can lead to crew fatigue, and provides an extra important aspect of the exercise.”

Endurance test

Iversen emphasises the importance of having a comprehensive exercise to assess the impact of time on the overall organisation of a major contamination incident.

” This will result in, for example, heavy strain on the infrastructure, requiring much traffic control and logistics personnel, as collected polluted masses must also be removed. A lengthy, complex exercise provides a real-life test of contingency plans calculated for the consequential damages of a major contamination incident. Plans will be tested regarding the removal of polluted masses, ship and aviation regulation around the area of ​​operations, media handling, and more.”

Resource-intensive exercise

Regarding the preparation of SCOPE 2017, such an extensive exercise requires close collaboration and considerable resources from the participating countries’ organisations. This puts demands on the country’s coordinating in the exercise.

” Here I would like to praise the way the Norwegian Coastal Administration as an authority has supported the project work,” says Iversen.

Experiences and recommendations

During the preparations, Iversen has closely followed the build-up of the EU observer program.

“I hope that SCOPE 2017 will lead to a review of the terms, so that observers with no prior knowledge of the subject and the exercise, as well as experts with broad academic expertise, can be invited,” says Iversen.

The representative of the Danish Defence is looking forward to the lessons learned from the exercise itself, and the recommendations that will follow from the personnel in the field.

“But what I look most forward to are the operational experiences and recommendations that the training and workshops will give us,” he adds.

Handling requirements and emergency ports

There will be two important workshops during the exercise week, regarding handling requirements and emergency ports.

” These are very exciting agendas. Denmark will therefore participate with all authorities that have an active role when it comes to place of refuge, says Iversen, adding that the ambition is to use the two workshops to identify the biggest challenges in the two areas.

“These are challenges that we hope will be addressed and regulated through international cooperation,” he adds.

Valuable insights

Iversen specifically draws attention to CECIS as a valuable experience to bring along with the use of Safe Sea Net. CECIS, which stands for the Common Emergency Communication and Information System, is an EU-based information exchange system.

” The exercise will provide valuable experience in the use of CECIS and Safe Sea Net, in a configuration where systems are gradually developed. The experiences from the alert exercise, summarized at a workshop on the first day of the exercise, will give us new knowledge on this matter,” he says.

Danish police and DEMA collaboration

The Danish Defence, together with the Danish Emergency Management Agency (DEMA), organises about six national maritime environmental exercises each year.

“At least three of these consist of complex tasks, where the overall crisis management organisation is trained. In Denmark, the police is heading the crisis management. The Danish police and DEMA therefore also participates with experts in SCOPE 2017, so that we can gain experience to be used in national exercises,” concludes Iversen.

Illustrasjonsbilde fartøy kart lyssatt

FACTS:

Number of danish personell at SCOPE 2017: 43

Danish vessels at SCOPE 2017: 2

Pollution prevention
The Armed Forces in Denmark are responsible for preventing marine pollution, and for this task, the Navy has a number of vessels and equipment to combat oil spills.

Sources:

www.forsvaret.dk

http://havmiljøvogter.dk/p/stop-olien

https://www2.forsvaret.dk/eng/About/National/Pages/National.aspx

40 Years Since the Bravo Blow Out – what has been done since then?

Chronicle of Norwegian emergency preparedness for oil recovery operations by the Emergency Response Director of the Norwegian Coastal Administration, Johan Marius Ly.

Many people remember the uncontrolled blow out at the “Bravo” platform in the North Sea in 1977. Some people also remember the hero of the moment, Red Adair, flown in to stop the spill. For those of us who work with emergency preparedness for oil recovery operations, the Bravo accident marks the beginning of the strengthening and development of Norwegian emergency preparedness for oil recovery operations.

Today, more than 40 years later, it is natural to pose questions on where we stand today, and look at the current state of our emergency preparedness for oil recovery operations from a perspective in the future. Norway can, and should be, a world-leader in oil recovery operations.

Our statistics show that each week there are between one and two groundings of vessels along the Norwegian coast. Most of these groundings, fortunately, do not cause oil spills, with the vessel usually being saved without any noteworthy drama. However, this has not always been the case.

From 1970 through 1979, on an annual global basis, there was an average of 24.5 oil spills from vessels with volumes exceeding 700 tons. From 2010 to 2015, we had an average of 1.8 corresponding spills each year. This reduction shows very clearly that increasing environmental awareness, international regulations and preventive measures have indeed had an effect.

The blow out of Deepwater Horizon in the US in 2010 has contributed to an emphasis being placed the management of large spills from petroleum-related activities, also in Norway.

In Norway, we have up to now been spared from experiencing such large events. Our largest oil spill from a vessel in the past 10 years was from the Full City in 2009. Whereas the Exxon Valdez (in 1989) involved a spill of 33,000 tons of crude oil, the Full City only involved a spill of approx. 300 tons of heavy bunker oil, and consequent pollution along the coast from Stavern to Lillesand. Nor was the Bravo blow out in 1977 large in international terms.

Read also: Nobody can cope on their own

In 1978, the oil companies established the Norwegian Clean Seas Association for Operating Companies (NOFO) in order to co-operate on emergency preparedness for oil recovery operations on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. This was a direct consequence of the experiences from the Bravo blow out. An oil recovery operations depot was established, more equipment procured and a technology development programme launched under the auspices of both the Norwegian state as well as the oil companies.

The technological level of equipment for oil recovery operations in 2017 contrasted with 1977 highlights the results of the focused efforts by the state and the oil companies.

This technological development has given rise to Norwegian export successes as well as laying the foundation for a world-leading industry in Norway involving equipment for emergency preparedness for oil recovery operations.

According to forecasts for maritime traffic along the Norwegian coast, an increase of 41% is anticipated during the period up to 2040. This can mean more frequent accidents and more oil spills. We expect to see new nautical routes be used in the Arctic and in combination with the introduction of new types of fuels we expect new challenges for our emergency preparedness oil recovery operations.

Offshore petroleum activities are establishing new areas for exploration activity further to the north, and with this activity being drawn in that direction the probability is also increasing that an oil spill might possibly reach the edge of the ice. These are areas that involve long distances and few resources.

What should we be doing in future? The most important emergency preparedness capacity will always comprise preventing accidents and spills from occurring.

On a national basis, the Norwegian Coastal Administration has seen a reduction in oil spills from ships. A number of maritime safety measures have contributed to this, such as the introduction of AIS, the establishment of maritime traffic centres and improved navigation aids. But accidents can still occur and our analyses show this. Hence both the Norwegian government and the oil companies spend large sums of money every year to maintain good emergency preparedness for any instances of acute contamination.

Education, training and exercises are central elements. Every year, we carry out a series of both large and small exercises focused on oil recovery operations. Based upon the Norwegian Coastal Administration’s own experiences and knowledge acquired from the accidents mentioned above, we have drawn up a national emergency preparedness plan for events involving acute contamination. This encompasses the management of spills from ships and describes how the Norwegian Coastal Administration, in conjunction with the operator responsible, will establish state-level action management in the event of large offshore spills.

Development of emergency preparedness for oil recovery operations is a continuous process.

The challenges associated with maritime activity gradually moving towards the north, new traffic patterns, new types of fuels, increased traffic, etc., are all things we must find solutions to through continuing the efforts in emergency preparedness for oil recovery operations. The development of technology and methodology that has taken place over the past 40 years has resulted in emergency preparedness that is currently far better and more robust than it was back then. Yet the activity has also increased, and will continue to increase in future if the forecasts are correct.

However, the total extent of the challenges cannot be fully countered by solely strengthening the plan for emergency preparedness for oil recovery operations. The existing preventive measures must be expanded and new measures established. Even though we can never eliminate all risks of oil spills, we must nevertheless always possess the best competence and the best equipment available to combat the effects. Continuing development to increase our effectiveness and capacity are central to achieving this.

Our ambition at the Norwegian Coastal Administration is for Norway to be a world leader in oil recovery operations!